Difference Between Theft and Extortion - Legal Katta
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Difference Between Theft and Extortion

 Difference between theft and extortion is discussed in this article as;

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Theft Extortion

The definition of theft is defined under section 378 of the Indian Penal Code, 1860.

The definition of extortion is defined under section 383 of the Indian Penal Code, 1860.

Theft is defined as "Whoever, intending to take dishonestly any movable property out of the possession of any person without that person's consent, moves that property in order to such taking, is said to commit theft."

Extortion is defined as "Whoever intentionally puts any person in fear of any injury to that person, or to any other, and thereby dishonestly induces the person so put in fear to deliver to any person any property, or valuable security or anything signed or sealed which may be converted into a valuable security, commits an extortion."

Example - A is a B's servant. A dishonestly and without knowledge of B, the goods in B's house were taken away by A. This amount to theft.

Example - A threatens B to give money otherwise he will kill his son. Committed extortion here.

In theft, the property is taken away from the owner without his consent and knowledge.

In extortion, the consent of the owner is taken but in a wrongful way (i.e. threatening).

In theft, the property is only movable property.

In extortion, the property can be either movable property or immovable property.

Theft covers only movable property.

Extortion is a wider term in scope as it covers any type of property.

In theft, there is no use of force.

In extortion, there is a use of force.

In theft, the delivery of the property is not made by the owner.

In extortion, the delivery of the property is made by the owner.

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Akash is a YouTuber by Hobbie and Blogger by Passion. He Loves to spread information that helps others to live in this legal world.

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